Fog Photography is an ethereal and atmospheric type of outdoor photography that can produce many stunning photos. It's one of the most difficult forms of photography to get right. From an incorrect exposure to a significant absence of sharpness, there's a myriad of possibilities for fog photography that could fail. In this article, you'll discover how to do stunning Fog photography with the most stunning outcomes.

Why Choose Fog Photograph at Night?


Fog is a special ability to disperse light. It is able to scatter the moon's light over the entire landscape, adding interest to an otherwise empty space. It could make a single streetlight enchanting and stunning scenery.

In contrast to daytime fog, night fog can help in taking photos a bit simpler. The capability to disperse light makes photos brighter and more information can be seen without fog.

As a result, you are able to use less extreme combinations of ISO, shutter speed, and aperture that allow you to take more natural images.

But this doesn't happen all the time. It's not uncommon to return home with dark, blurry photos of cityscapes that are cloaked in fog when you set the settings incorrectly. There are a few specific camera settings that help you capture fog in the night much more easily.

Finding Night Fog

The most difficult part of taking photos of fog in the nighttime is locating the fog. It's not a common weather front and will require a bit of study and a close look at forecasts for the weather to identify. Most weather programs do not declare when the fog will be coming in, however, there are some weather conditions to watch out for that are often a sign that fog might appear.

The term "night fog" is also known in the form of radiation fog. It is formed when the ground cools rapidly at sunset. The air above it also gets cooler, and reaches the dew point, creating fog. This kind of fog typically will not last for long after sunrise therefore it is crucial to locate it as quickly as you can following nightfall.

Autumn is the best time to spot fog at night. As the nights extend, the skies will become clear at night - the ideal atmosphere to create radiation fog. It's also more prevalent in valleys and sheltered regions with no wind, or close to bodies of water.

If your local weather station has calm, clear nights with a significant temperature decrease, it's an ideal time to start your search for fog.

Deal With Low Contrast


Cameras with autofocus can detect slight variations in contrast to determine the most effective focus. But, when you shoot dark fog, there's very little or any contrast available. This is why autofocus isn't a good idea in this setting.

Fortunately, it is easy to fix the issue. You can switch on manual focus. In this scenario, you'll need an area of being focused on.

Getting the Right Exposure

Another issue with technical aspects for night fog photography is exposure. If you've ever shot snow, you'll be aware of how the system of metering that cameras have to contend with these conditions. The fog's whiteness tends to be overexposed making the pictures appear greyer and darker. This is why you get images that are dark and have lost their luster.

To mitigate this, increase the exposure of your shot so that the clouds appear less luminous. If you're shooting at sunrise, ensure that you constantly alter the settings to reflect the light coming from the sun.

Emphasize Light


Fog is essentially droplets of water suspended in the air. They cause the light sources to scatter faster than normal, which makes it soft. In contrast, it could cause light streaks to be sharper and more concentrated like those that come emanating from street lamps or car headlights.

If you'd like to focus the beams of light in the nighttime fog, you must determine your perspective point. You should be close to the source of light, but not directly underneath it. This angle helps in the light scatter and is clearer and brighter in comparison to those further away.

If, however, you're working in a very dense fog and the source of light is extremely bright, the light beams will be visible regardless of the position you set yourself. Obviously, it is possible to find dense fog to be an obstacle in and of its own.

Emphasize Silhouettes

Fog is the ideal medium to capture stunning silhouettes and outlines since it decreases texture and contrast. It's among the most simple methods to capture an object in a simple silhouette. To accomplish this, expose according to the fog and not on the subject. This gives the appearance of a dark shadowy silhouette. If you wish for your subject to be defined make sure you dial in positive exposure compensation. 

This will ensure that your subject doesn't appear too bright in your shot. In this situation, be sure you keep an eye on the distance to other objects or subjects within the scene. It is possible that your outline on one subject is overlapping with the main subject, which can cause an undesirable merging effect.

Finding Focus

As we've mentioned before It's recommended to focus manually when taking photos of night fog. This is especially an issue when taking photos at night due to the lack of illumination. If you're not sure of the settings for your camera for nighttime photography you should be aware of the settings for nighttime cameras prior to taking photos in fog, to make the process simpler.

Pick a focal point or subject to alter the lens manually. If you're shooting the landscape trees can be an ideal focal point to provide some contrast to the fog-shrouded landscape. The focal points of the foreground such as cars, people, lampposts, and other things can be used to highlight the misty appearance of fog in the background.

Based on the circumstances, you might be capable of setting your camera to infinite. But if it doesn't work and you are still unable to focus, slow the lens and ensure you've got the proper depth of field. This allows for some room for error in focusing.

Using Shutter Speed to Give Impact


Utilizing different shutter speeds is the way you can give the fog various textures. There are photos of fog that appear cloud-like and are in huge piles. While some exhibit a like a rolling mist.

If you're hoping to capture cloud-like fluffy fog, a shorter shutter speed is ideal. However, if you're after the ethereal, misty look more shutter speed will be better at capturing the fog as it travels through the air.

When using different shutter speeds, it's essential to ensure that the camera is still when taking photos. You'll be shocked by how quickly fog can move, which makes it easy to blur photos with faster shutter speeds.

Tripod

To get rid of blurred photos tripods can be an effective option. Since contrast and focus can be affected in darkness the use of a tripod could simplify the process. If you plan to shoot photographs with long exposures using a tripod, it's an absolute necessity. While it may be difficult to transport your tripod in the dark when you're following clouds. In the end, you'll be happy you had it with you.

In contrast to night fog, if you're shooting fog during the daytime, you might be able to take good photos without a tripod because the contrast and the exposure are much easier to control. In any case, as the hardest part is actually locating the fog, it's regrettable to go in the middle of nowhere and wish you'd brought your tripod.

Establishing an Anchor Point

If you are photographing fog in the dark, you will require an intriguing anchor point. Without an anchor point, it's difficult to figure out what the image is about. An anchor point provides the photo with a lot of attention and draws the eye. This is an excellent opportunity to make use of the vanishing line or a leading point to add intrigue.

If you're photographing landscapes, you can use your anchor points in front in order to illustrate the size and distance of the photo. An anchor point in the foreground will provide color, detail in addition to contrasting the nighttime scene. If you live in a city, the best anchor point is to look upwards at the building from below. The overbearing structure provides amazing size and appears threatening when it's dark.